The first thing to do in a situation of delayed menstruation is to exclude pregnancy. Buy a few drugs at the pharmacy. If doubts remain, it is worth starting with determining the level of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). This hormone raises the very first after fertilization, so this diagnosis is more accurate. Analysis can be done even without a gynecologist by merely contacting any private laboratory.
There are many reasons why the period cycle can be broken. Lifestyle – not the last in the list of reasons. There are many ways to combat irregular monthly – both in traditional and traditional medicine. But before taking any measures, you should learn more about the very concept of menstrual irregularities. The fact is that each woman’s body is individual, so the length of the period (menstrual) cycle can vary widely.
What is an irregular period cycle?
Failures in the cycle occur when its periodicity and duration are violated. In one month, critical days can go at intervals of 28 days, in the other – at intervals of 32 days, etc. In women with an irregular cycle, it is impossible to predict how long periods(menstrual) will last.
Such failures are almost always a sign of trouble. And this condition is challenging for the early diagnosis of pregnancy. The average menstrual cycle in women has a duration of 21-34 days. It is dangerous if there are no monthly periods of more than 60-70 days. The time of bleeding should be 3-7 days. Too much or scanty discharge is a sign of trouble; therefore, you should consult a doctor at the first symptoms.
Causes of irregular period
An irregular cycle can be caused by:
- Adolescence, this is possible in the first year after menarche (first menstrual bleeding);
- The action of radiation;
- Genetic factors (if the mother has problems with the cycle, the daughter may suffer as well);
- Climate change;
- Low body weight;
- Physical overvoltage (for example, you abruptly resumed training after the break);
- The effects of drugs on the body;
- Installation of an intrauterine non-hormonal coil, perceived by the body as a foreign body, which must be pushed out;
- A change in sex life in the direction of reducing or increasing sexual activity;
- Bad habits, including drinking large amounts of strong tea and coffee;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Tumors and brain injuries affecting the pituitary gland;
- Vascular disorders;
- Autoimmune diseases (arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.).
Among the most dangerous diseases that manifest themselves in the ovulatory periods’ failure (menstrual) cycle are benign and malignant tumors and ovarian cysts, endometriosis.
Among the drugs that affect the nature of menstruation are antidepressants and hormonal contraceptives. The latter, if improperly selected, causes severe damage to the female reproductive sphere.
Remedies for gastritis and ulcers cause a delay, so you can not worry too much if you take them. But if you suspect that you are pregnant, do the test.
Another reason for the delay – an abortion, miscarriage. To restore the cycle in such cases, the doctor may prescribe a specific hormonal treatment.
Why does the period cycle get off after the summer holiday?
It is lovely to be in unfamiliar places in the summer to change your lifestyle to a more active one. But flights, unfamiliar food, heavy physical exertion can cause a failure of the menstrual cycle. As a rule, this phenomenon is temporary, and monthly, after some time (several months), go regularly. No action is needed. If the ovulatory period (menstrual) cycle hasn’t recovered in 2 months, you will have to recall your gynecologist’s phone.
Vacation recommendations are very simple:
- Eat the usual food.
- Load increase only gradually.
- Do not overheat in the sun, especially in the presence of benign tumors like cysts, endometriosis.
Attention! Monthly delays after a vacation are average only if there is no small bleeding between cycles. Be sure to pay attention to this. A mid-cycle spotting may sign endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, fibroids, and even threatened abortion, which you may not even guess.
What to do if the period’s cycle always goes astray?
Constantly – this means more than 2 times a year. Single changes in the menstrual cycle should not cause concern, especially if you regularly visit the gynecologist and do not detect pathologies. Signs of failure in the periods(menstrual) cycle are:
- The permanent change in the length of the menstrual cycle.
- Abundant periods.
- Lack of periods.
After 35 years in the premenopausal period, such phenomena often occur. It is necessary to visit a gynecologist.
This can happen in adolescents because, at a young age, the reproductive system is just starting to work and develops its rhythm. In this case, there is nothing to worry about – within 1-2 years, the cycle usually becomes regular. In 12-18 years, there may occasionally be failures in the cycle even after a more extended period.
For some, they begin to walk regularly only after the first birth. In the postpartum period, periods are also irregular, and if you do not feed, then usually everything stabilizes 10 weeks after birth. If there is lactation, then at this time, there may be no monthly periods. And this is the reason why a woman can unknowingly miss a pregnancy. Breastfeed? Conduct pregnancy tests and protect yourself with a barrier method (blocking the penetration of sperm into the cervix).
irregular periods of treatment – the right way
Usually, after consulting a gynecologist, examination in the chair, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, and hormone tests, treatment with such drugs are prescribed:
- Analgesics (with severe pain).
- Antibiotics (for infections).
- Hormones (in case of malfunctions in endocrinology).
- Soothing adaptogens.
- Vitamins, especially vitamin E (there are many of them in various oils and germinated grains).
Also, traditional medicine and herbal remedies may be prescribed. Please note that you can not take them without consulting a doctor! Phytoestrogens normalize the cycle well, but they mustn’t conflict with the estrogens that your body produces. Otherwise, estrogen will become too much. And this is overweight, and problems with the veins, and other troubles. But compared with hormonal drugs, when taking phytoestrogens, complications occur much less frequently.
The effect of drugs on herbs is softer, and they need to take a long course so that the result was noticeable. As for homeopathic remedies, today, the attitude of medicine to them is relaxed. They can be prescribed with other drugs, and this therapy only works if you believe in it.
Well helps infusion of water pepper and crimson leaves. Take the infusion should be 3 times a day for dessert spoon. It removes pain well during menstruation.
If you have chronic fatigue, you should think about taking medications that increase vitality. But only a doctor should prescribe them. Also, pay attention to lifestyle: before the onset of menstruation, walk more, do not overload yourself with work. This period is intended by nature to recover. A woman before and during menstruation should spend more time on herself. Beneficial yoga classes. They eliminate hormonal imbalances and disorders in the autonomic nervous system.
The inability to relax is the primary problem for modern women. You can’t wait for the cycle to be like a clock; if you’re always nervous, go to bed late and eat anything. Be sure to focus on the plant diet and not on the animal. Maybe strict vegetarianism is worthless, but vegetable salad, stewed, baked vegetables, fresh juices, and smoothies should always be on the table of a woman who takes care of herself. Be sure to eat the fruit in the winter, freeze the berries since summer. Categorically you can not deprive your body fat.
Irregular periods of treatment by the doctor
For menstruation to recover, you need to eliminate all pathological phenomena and eliminate undesirable factors from your life. And then you do not have to anxiously wait for the next arrival of the “red days” or lie back during the menstrual periods. It is not necessary with their heavy course to drink painkillers. If you are very sick in the first days, there is nausea, chest pain, and it means that something is wrong inside the body.
The first thing to do in such a situation is to go to a gynecologist. He will oversee the whole process. Most likely, he will prescribe hormone tests at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. Blood is taken from a vein, and you can donate it in any laboratory. If the balance of hormones is disturbed, you will likely be prescribed combined oral contraceptives for 6-12 months. Menstruation will become regular and not so abundant.
Do not forget about regular visits to the doctor after the cessation of menstruation in postmenopause. If menstruation was not within 1-1.5 years and then resumed, it can not be considered the norm.
What if gynecology is all right?
Sometimes to solve a problem, you need the help of a neurologist, psychotherapist, rheumatologist, or endocrinologist. They can prescribe an MRI of the brain to determine the state of the pituitary and hypothalamus, recommend methods to deal with stressful situations, or prescribe screening for systemic diseases that affect the whole body. Autoimmune systemic disorders are dealt with by rheumatology. And for chest pains, you may need to consult a breast specialist, especially if you have previously been treated for mastopathy or over 35 years old.
Also, an essential role in the body of a woman is played by the thyroid gland. If it functions poorly, there is a goiter, and then the monthly will be irregular. This problem is pervasive in Ukraine due to iodine deficiency. Do an ultrasound of the thyroid gland, tests for TSH, T3, and T4, and refer to the endocrinologist.
Another endocrinological pathology in which the cycle is disturbed is diabetes. In the past decades, even young non-pregnant girls have been ill. In the initial stages, normal menstruation can be returned by following a special diet. Special medications and insulin are added later. Controlled diabetes allows you to bear and give birth to a healthy baby.
You have learned necessary information about the failures of the menstrual cycle. With a long-term problem without a doctor, it cannot be solved. Find your gynecologist – an experienced, competent, tactful, and then your reproductive health will delight you. It is unacceptable to neglect of health and silence of his condition from the doctor. Find out the real cause of failure of the menstrual cycle can help any detail that you tell.