Lung Cancer mostly occurs in the people who smoke. A Lung Cancer starts in the cells of a lung. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells which grows inside and destroy the tissues. It also spreads to other parts of the body. In lung cells when cancer starts it is called primary lung cancer.
We all know that the lung is a part of a human respiratory system and we use our lungs when we breathe. There are two lungs one on each side of the heart. The left side lung is smaller and has 2 lobes while the right lung has 3 lobes.
Let us now see the signs and symptoms of Lung Cancer.
The people who have lung cancer will mostly won’t show any symptoms before they are treated. Lung cancer is mainly diagnosed from the routine checkup of chest X-ray or CT Scan which are done for other reasons. But there are few people who are suffering from lung cancer and have the signs and symptoms. Here we will show you some of the common signs and symptoms of Lung Cancer.
One of the most common sign is Chest pain but there are other many signals which you must know about. As lung cancer occurs even if you are not smoking. Lung Cancer is cancer which kills both men and women in the US and 20% who died were a nonsmoker.
Signs And Symptoms Of Lung Cancer You Should Know
1. A cough that won’t quit
If your cough stays more be alert. A cough which is got for cold or any infection goes in a week or two but if a cough remains for a longer than it can be a symptom of lung cancer. Don’t be lazy whether it is a dry cough or anything straight go away to the doctor. They will listen to your lungs and will treat you.
2.Change in a cough
Especially if you smoke, pay attention to any changes you get in a cough. If you are getting cough more, or it sounds, or blood comes out while coughing then you need to see a doctor. Even if your family member or a friend is getting this problem then suggest them to visit the doctor.
3. Chest Pain
You will feel pain the chest area, shoulders, or backside if you have lung cancer. If you get any type of chest pain like, dull, sharp, or any then tell your doctor. You must notify the area where you are getting pain.
4. Breathing changes
One of the common symptoms of lung cancer is Shortness of breath. You will get changes in a breath if lung cancer blocks or narrows an airway. Or it can occur due to the fluid from the lung tumor builds up in the chest. After you climb stairs or do something and gets difficulty in a breath then do not ignore it.
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5. Weight loss
If you are losing weight then also go and check it out. More tumor makes more proteins and tells your body to lose weight.
6. Bone pain
If Lung cancer has spread in your body then you will feel pain in the bones, joints. This is said by Jack Jacoub, a medical oncologist and a director of thoracic oncology. The common sore spots are the back and hips.
7. Swelling in your neck and face
If the lung tumor starts pressing against the superior vena cava then you can see your face and neck gets swelling. Upper chest a d arms can also get affected.
Anyone when constricted airway exhales a whistle sound comes and it is a symptom of lung cancer and other lung conditions. If it is lung cancer then the wheezing is caused by a tumor while pressing on an airway.
9. Difficulty In swallowing
If the lung cancer has entered the patient’s esophagus then the patient may get pain or gets difficulty in swallowing. This symptom is called dysphagia, and can seriously affect the life. One study of 391 people with lung cancer found that those who get more pain while swallowing has more chance of dying from lung cancer.
10. Pain in the shoulder
Cancer which is entered in the nerve cells causes the condition called Pancoast’s Syndrome. In this, the patient will get shoulder pain which emits down the outside of the patient arm.
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11. Abnormal voice changes: Hoarseness
Lung cancer which affects the nerves can interfere with or can paralyze the vocal cords. And because of this, the patient gets hoarseness when they speak. Horseness means get difficulty while speaking.
12. Muscle weaknes
Lung cancer affects the muscles and also other organs of the body. The first is which will affect is hips. You will find difficult to get out of the chair. You will also get weakness in shoulders, arms, legs.
13. High calcium levels
Many lung cancers make hormone-like substances which upset the balance of the minerals in the body. More calcium gets out in the bloodstream. You will not realize your levels until the doctor tells you to do a lab test. You need to notice the symptoms which go along with high calcium.
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Types of lung cancer
Mainly there are two types of lung cancer:
- Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
- Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
Most of the people get lung cancers of Non-smell cell lung cancer (NSCLC). And in this also there are three types of NSCLC. The three types are:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Large cell carcinoma
If you want to know which type of lung cancer you have got then its better to consult a doctor to decide which treatment is better for you.
The main treatments for lung cancer are:
- Biological therapy
It is the use of the drug to cure cancer. These drugs can be given on their own. Most of the patients get a combination of two or three chemotherapy drug.
The patient can be given Chemotherapy before or after radiotherapy and surgery. The drugs of chemotherapy can be taken in the form of a tablet or can be injected into the bloodstream.
Few of the drugs of chemotherapy which is used in the treatment:
- Docetaxel (Taxotere)
- Etoposide (Vepesid, VP-16)
- Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
- Paclitaxel (Taxol)
- Pemetrexed (Alimta)
- Topotecan (Hycamtin)
- Vinblastine (Velbe)
- Vincristine (Oncovin)
- Vinorelbine (Navelbine)
This therapy uses the immune system of the body to treat cancer. Each disease of the patient is different and now doctors can test your tumor by following a biopsy to see whether it will respond to therapies or not.
It is also called ‘targeted therapies’ or ‘personalised medicine’. When the doctor test the tumor will it respond to biological therapy it is called molecular testing.
Commonly biological therapies which are used to treat lung cancer:
- Afatinib (Giotrif)
- Alectinib (Alecensa)
- Bevacizumab (Avastin)
- Ceritinib (Zykadia)
- Cetuximab (Erbitux)
- Crizotinib (Xalkori)
- Iressa (Gefitinib)
- Nintedanib (Vargatef)
- Tarceva (Eroltinib)
It is a new type of drug which is used to treat lung cancer. Immunotherapy uses the patient’s immune system to fight the cancer cells. At present, there are few immunotherapy drugs in clinical trials.
In Radiotherapy, they use high-energy rays which are directly pointed at your tumor or to the areas where cancer had spread, or kill the cancer cells. Mostly, external beam radiotherapy is used in lung cancer.
The latest types of radiotherapy are now used for few lung cancer patients.
In Surgery, they remove the part of the lung which has cancer. Surgery is mostly used for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It can be done when the tumor is found in one lung or if the lymph nodes are close to the lung. The whole lung can be removes or a lobe or a small section of the lung.
Side-effects from treatment
- Less resistance to infection
- Loss of appetite
- Hair loss
So these are the signs and symptoms of Lung cancer. If you have any of these then straight go and consult your doctor. Do not let it go as it can worsen your condition and can leave you to death. So please if you have of the sign from this then get it treated on time. Every year there are lots of people who die from cancer as they smoke, eat tobacco all these kinds of things causes cancer and it kills you. So, take care of your self and be healthy.
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