The foot nails are also known as the Agron tunnels to grow inwards. It is a painful disease in which the nails begin to bite both sides. Such nails are usually found in those people, regularly wear shoes for long periods. In this problem, sharp or pointed nails increase the inside and create pain and swelling. As a result of this, yellow-colored discharge from indigenous toenails and develop additional tissue. And this problem can lead to serious complications such as infection, abscess, and loss of limb. Therefore it is essential to avoid this problem. You can use home remedies to prevent the problem of Ingan Tonnes.
Symptoms of nail disease
Transverse flat-footedness, the curvature of the toes, improper treatment of nails with cutting corners during a manicure, a congenital deformity of the feet, wide fingers, hyperhidrosis of the feet, psoriasis, fungal lesions, nail dysplasias, the crossing of the fingers; heavy loads, heavyweight, frostbite, injury; narrow, high-heeled shoes are not ventilated; hereditary factor; cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, varicose veins; exposure to chemically aggressive substances.
The following symptoms indicate nail disease:
- Fat nail
- Brittle, crushed, or bloody nails
- Nail shape distorted
- Dull nails
The most common causes of the following nail disease are:
- Snarefight fungal species
The possibility of nail disease may increase in the following factors:
- older age
- Heavy sweating
- Family history of nail fungal infections
- Wearing socks and shoes for the whole day
- Living with someone with Nail Fungus
- Walking bare feet in humid communal areas
- Athlete’s foot
- Minor skin or nail injury
how to fix ingrown toenail permanently
Here is a detailed way to get rid of an ingrown toenail.
Soak a nail in warm water to make it softer.
If you decide to treat the ingrown nail at home, to solve the problem, you need to make the nail softer and more elastic and bring its acute angle beyond the wound he has done in the skin fold.
Prepare a jar with warm water (38-37C) and immerse in it a finger with an ingrown nail for 15-20 minutes. It is not necessary to add salt to water or boil water.
When the nail is sufficiently soft, blot a finger with a towel, apply an antibiotic ointment (for example, tetracycline) or an antiseptic solution (iodine, brilliant green) on the sore finger and proceed to the next item.
Try to bring the edge of the nail beyond the wound by placing a cotton roller under it. No need to cut (trim) ingrown nail
Even if it seems that to solve an ingrown nail problem at first glance, you need to “cut off its edge,” this is not always correct in terms of effective treatment.
If you cut the edges of the nail – it will be much more challenging to move beyond the wound, and he, even to a lesser extent, will continue to irritate her.
Also, due to severe inflammation and pain, it is not always possible to trim the nail.
Instead of trimming the nail, soaking it well in warm water, and treating it with antiseptics, as shown above, try putting a cotton wool roll under its edge.
Roll a thick lump of cotton and, using a match, push it under the corner of the nail to lift it and take it out of the wound area. Try to make the roller elongated so that one of its edges freely comes out from under the nail corner, and you can easily remove it when you need it.
It is possible that immediately you will not altogether remove the nail from the wound area. In this case, repeat the procedure the next day: remove the old roller, soak the nail again in warm water, and place a new roller under it.
Over time, the edge of the nail will have to “grow” beyond the wound, and it will begin to heal.
If you manage to cope with the problem in this way – review our recommendations below about what you need to do so that the nail does not grow into your finger again in the future.
If you do not notice any improvement over several days of treatment, or if the inflammation increases, be sure to consult a doctor.
Treatment of ingrown nails by a doctor
What treatment can a doctor offer?
Until now, many methods have been proposed for the treatment of “ingrown nails.” Doctors surgeons choose one or another approach, depending on the case, given the strength of inflammation, the structure of nails and periungual skin, and how often the problem recurs.
A doctor can offer you treatment without surgery or treatment through surgery.
Treatment without surgery. Correction of nail shape with staples, plates, or plastic tube
If the inflammation is not very strong, the nail and skin folds will have the correct shape; the doctor may suggest that you put a particular wire clip or a metal plate on the nail. The doctor will fix the brace (plate) edges at the edges of the nail for it to pull back slightly outward, leading it out of the wound area.
This brace should be worn until the nail’s ingrown edge is entirely out of the wound and the inflammation subsides.
Another treatment option without surgery can be the isolation of the nail’s sharp edge with a plastic tube. The doctor takes a small piece of a sterile plastic tube “from the dropper” and cuts it along one side. After that, he “puts on” the tube on the edge of the nail so that an entire wall of the tube passes between it and the damaged skin fold. The doctor may advise you not to pick up the phone for 3-4 weeks. During this period, the inflammation subsides, and the edge of the nail will go beyond the wound and change its shape.
In both cases, before starting treatment, the doctor may inject pain medicine into the finger to make the procedure painless.
Treatment with surgery
Conducted to date, scientific studies have shown that surgical treatment of an ingrown nail (for example, removing a part of the nail or a huge skin fold next to it) is much more effective in preventing future recurrence of the problem. In this regard, if you have a problem with an ingrown nail recurs from time to time – discuss the possibility of operation with your doctor.
Surgery, in this case, is not necessarily a painful procedure. If it is vital for you that the operation was painless – be sure to tell the doctor about it. Before starting the process, he will make several injections of anesthetic medicine on his finger. After that, the operation will be practically painless.
Depending on the case, the doctor may offer you:
- Remove the fold of skin, which hit the nail. This may be the right solution if the nail has a regular shape, but the skin folds on its sides are too wide and voluminous.
- Remove the nail’s edge and burn parts of its growth zone with phenol or another caustic substance. Such an operation is often used and allows you to make the nail a bit narrower to keep its edge away from the skin fold.
- Altogether remove the nail and cauterize the area of its growth so that the nail no longer grows. Such an operation can be the right choice if the nail is severely deformed and extends into the finger repeatedly.
Some doctors use conventional surgical instruments for the operation. Others are laser or radio wave cauterization. The latter two methods reduce the bleeding during surgery slightly; however, they do not have a considerable advantage in terms of effectiveness, compared with the conventional operation.
How to care for your nail after surgery?
After surgery, the doctor will have to explain to you how to care for the wound and how often you need to change the bandage. Usually, doctors recommend changing the dressing once a day and lubricating the postoperative wound with antiseptics.
Can the problem recur after treatment? What can be done to prevent the nail from growing into the finger?
Observations on large groups of people who have sought medical assistance for ingrown nails have shown that 30% of them have a problem that recurs over time.
You can reduce the chance of a problem recurring as follows:
Try to cut your nails correctly.
At the beginning of this article, we said that one of the reasons for the ingrown nails could be that people cut their hair incorrectly. It is. Many people are used to cutting their nails in a “semicircle” and cutting corners that fit the sides’ skin folds. It is not right. If you trim your nails in this way, sharp nicks may remain on their edges, which will cut into the skin as the nail grows.
Properly cut the nails should be as follows: cut the nail strictly across, in a straight line, so that from both edges of the nail remained top corners.
Try changing shoes
In particular, you can try to wear more loose shoes or shoes with an open toe.
If you suspect that your nails may be infected with a fungus, you should consult a doctor to get treatment.
One of the reasons for the frequent ingrowth of the nails in the fingers is their deformation under the action of a fungal infection. If you believe that your nails may be infected with a fungus (for example, if they have become dull, brittle, or severely deformed).
Try grinding your nail to make it softer and more elastic.
Some specialists in the treatment of ingrown nails recommend that their patients regularly, about once every 2 months, grind the nail’s entire surface to about half or ¼ of its thickness using a nail file or other similar tools. A thinner and more elastic nail will change its shape depending on the skin folds’ location on the sides of it and will not be able to pierce them.
Prevention of Ingrown toenails
Correctly select and wear comfortable shoes; regularly care for nails, cut without cutting corners, not too short and in a straight line; use orthoses, correcting the feet and reducing the pressure on the fingers; timely treat fungal diseases; when you visit the pool and bath have a change of shoes, keep your fingers from injury Do not use someone else’s shoes.